The Importance of Governance in Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals
Jakarta – Magazinecsr. In 2015 the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were agreed at the United Nations (UN) conference for adoption by its members. The existence of the SDGs is to further detail the goals of sustainable development after the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are not achieved. So that the SDGs are a form of perfection from the MDGs.
This SDGs discusses in more detail to complete all the indicators to be achieved. One thing that must be understood is that a country that has more poverty rates should not only be a market. Developed countries must also participate in eradicating poverty.
"The principle of implementing SDGas is universal, integration and no left behind," said the National Economic and Industry Committee (KEIN), Arif Budimanta in the Executive Program for Sustainable Partnership (EPSP) class, Wednesday (7/3).
Indonesia itself has ratified the SDGs through Presidential Decree no. 59/2017 regarding the implementation of achieving sustainable goals. From here it was then relegated to the National Action Plan (RAN) which was derived from the 4 pillars of the SDGs, namely social development, economic development, environmental development, legal development, and good governance.
Unfortunately, there are still many who forget good governance towards this common goal. For example, the State Expenditure Budget (APBN) for fertilizer subsidies is given directly to Pupuk Indonesia to be given as a subsidy.
The distribution of subsidized fertilizers is prone to leakage or not on target. For example, it is not necessarily the farmer who buys it. It could be that the agricultural industry also buys subsidized fertilizers. According to Arif, things like this need to be addressed in order to achieve the initial goal.
"Somalia, which has been calm and calm, suddenly became chaotic again because its state system is vulnerable, considering that it consists of various tribes," he explained.
According to the Director of Transparency International, Huguette Labell in 2013, good governance is important to prevent income inequality and poverty.
The impact of corruption is personal and devastating. Therefore, governance and corruption are used as the basis for policies that target education, poverty, health, water and other development issues.
There are 8 principles of good governance according to the United Nations, namely participation, rule of law, fair and inclusive, effective and efficient, responsive, transparency, consensus-oriented, accountable, and transparent. However, according to Arif, it could be one of the key principles leading to the implementation of another principle.
“The challenge is the implementation carried out by the government. Because the representatives of UN members are countries,” he said.